Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Bathyraja: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, raja, -ae = a ray (Raja sp) (Ref. 45335); minispinosa: Name from the Latin adjective 'minispinosa' meaning full of small thorns; referring to the dorsal side of the disc with many minute fine prickles which are smooth to the touch (Ref. 75535).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 150 - 1420 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate
North Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk off Abashiri, Japan to the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Bering Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 82.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96339)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners in Bathyraja in having a whitish area along the inner margin of eyes; dorsal side of disc with minute fine prickles; pointed clasper with a pseudosiphon-like groove; dense, minute prickles covering smaller egg capsule (Ref. 75535).
Juveniles feed mainly on amphipods, adults feed on crabs and fish (Ref. 27640). Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205). Egg capsules are 7.6 cm long and 5.5 cm wide (Ref. 41249).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.8 - 3.6, mean 1.8 °C (based on 126 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00304 - 0.00720), b=3.04 (2.91 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 54.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .