Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Ipnopidae
(Deep-sea tripod fishes) > Ipnopinae
Etymology: Bathypterois: Greek, bathys = deep + Greek, pterois = with wings (Ref. 45335). More on author: Alcock.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 800 - 1500 m (Ref. 44037). Deep-water
Indo-West Pacific: off the east coast of Africa (22°-33°S) to the northeast Indian Ocean and southern Japan (Ref. 559).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
soft rays: 11. Head bluish black below and laterally, light above; gill covers and thoracic region dark (Ref. 5320). Body whitish with 2 dark bands (Ref. 5320). Fins black except for caudal which is black basally, white distally (Ref. 5320).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sulak, K.J., 1986. Clorophthalmidae. p. 261-265. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5320)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.2 - 7.1, mean 4.7 °C (based on 501 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00199 - 0.01208), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .