Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Danionidae
(Danios) > Chedrinae
Etymology: Barilius: Latinization of 'barila', presumably a Bengali local name for Barilius barila, but it lacks a proper reference (J. Müller, pers. comm., April 2021, after information from native speakers)..
More on author: Jerdon.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832)
soft rays: 14 - 16. Barilius canarensis differs from B. ardens by having a unique color pattern consisting of a double row of spots along the length of the body, the first row with 9-13 round or oval bluish-green spots 1-2 scales high and 1-2 scales wide and the second row, with 3-4 smaller spots reaching up to the anal-fin origin (vs. a row of 7-9 large, vertically-elongate, bluish-green blotches 4-6 scales high and 2-3 scales wide along the length of the body, of which in large adults the first three blotches are fragmented into a smaller row of blotches). It can be distinguished from B. ardens by having 5+4+2 (vs. 5+4+3) teeth on fifth ceratobranchial, 14-15 (vs. 16-18) predorsal scales, and dorsal and anal fins margined with white (vs. broadly margined with bright orange). It differs from B. malabaricus by having 10½ (vs. 11½) branched dorsal-fin rays and 13½ (vs. 14½-15½) branched anal-fin rays, and having the dorsal and anal fins margined with white (vs. broadly margined with bright orange). It can be distinguished from B. bakeri by having a unique color pattern consisting of a double row of spots along the length of the body, the first row with 9-13 round or oval bluish-green spots 1-2 scales high and 1-2 scales wide and the second row, with 3-4 smaller spots reaching up to the anal-fin origin (vs. only a single row of spots along the length of the body); having 35-36 + 1 (vs. 37-38 + 1) lateral line scales and slender, well-defined gill rakers (vs. fleshy, rudimentary gill rakers) (Ref. 100448).
Inhabit clear streams with sandy and rocky bottom (Ref. 41236).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Menon, A.G.K., 1999. Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. (Ref. 41236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00284 - 0.01468), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).