Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335); samniticus: Named for Samnites, ancient Italic people who settled in the type locality..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123793)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: last unbranched dorsal-fin ray weakly ossified; superior margin of the dorsal fin is straight or slightly concave like other Italian fluviolacustrine barbels (some profile slightly convex); numerous small irregular-shaped black or dark-brown dots, smaller than scales that often form large, black or dark-brown spots on the back and flanks in juveniles and adults and this pigmentation is more evident in specimens living in clear water, whereas it tends to disappear in turbid environments; differs from all the other species by its greatest maximum height 20.4-25.1% SL (vs. 18.8%-24.9% SL in B. fucini, 19.0%-22.7% SL in B. tyberinus, 17.9%-22.7% SL in B. plebejus); differs from B. fucini by the shorter pre-orbital distance 8.2%-9.7% SL (vs. 7.9%-11.0% SL); differs from B. tyberinus and B. plebejus by having longer pectoral fins 17.1% - 20.6% (vs. 16.7%-19.8% and 15.7%-20.4% SL, respectively); longer ventral fin 12.4%-16.8% (vs. 11.0%-15.7% and 11.6%-15.3% SL) and caudal fins 12.5%16.4% (vs. 12.1%-14.7% and 12.1%-15.1% SL); differs from B. tyberinus in that it has longer lobes of the caudal fin upper: 21.2%-26.2% (vs. 19.1%-23.7% SL) and lower:19.8%-26.1% (vs. 19.5%-23.4% SL), a greater dorsal fin 14.6%-19.0% (vs. 13.7%-16.3% SL), a major presence of pigmentation and dots on scales and fins and a different dominant (orange) colour of the anal, dorsal and ventral fins; differs from B. plebejus by having fewer scales on 51-67 (vs. 58-71), above 10-13 (vs. 11-15) and under 7-9 (vs. 8-11) the lateral line, greater minimum height 10.2%-12.5% (vs. 9.3%-11.1%% SL), smaller fork depth 8.8% - 11.3% (vs. 9.1%-12.5% SL) and greater amount of body spots (Ref. 123793),
This species populates intermediate and hilly stretches of Apennine rivers together with other Italian species typical of the barbel zone: Sarmarutilus rubilio, Telestes muticellus and Squalius squalus (Ref. 123793).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lorenzoni, M., A. Carosi, S. Quadroni, V. De Santis, I. Vanetti, G.B. Delmastro and S. Zaccara, 2021. Cryptic diversity within endemic Italian barbels: revalidation and description of new Barbus species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). J. Fish Biol. 98(5):1433-1449. (Ref. 123793)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00347 - 0.01444), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100).