Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 18°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468)
Europe: Adriatic basin, between Marecchia and Brenta drainages (Italy, Switzerland). Introduced in Arno and Ombrone drainages in Italy. Previously misidentified as Barbus meridionalis. Records of Barbus caninus from Soca refer to Barbus balcanicus.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 7-8. Diagnosed from its congeners in Apennine Peninsula by having the following characters: 36-47 + 2-3 scales on lateral line; 22-24 scale rows around caudal peduncle; back, sides and fins speckled with large, irregular black spots and blotches; peritoneum black; last simple dorsal ray flexible, not serrated posteriorly; lower lip produced posteriorly into a median lobe (Ref. 59043). Fins are thick and fleshy; caudal fin lobes are rounded (Ref. 31730).
Tends to inhabit strong currents around or under stones (Ref. 31730). Occurs in streams with swift water in hilly, sub-alpine areas. Preys on benthic invertebrates. Spawns in areas with fast-flowing water on gravel bottom. Still commonly found in suitable habitats, but number of spawning grounds has decline sharply (Ref. 59043).
Bianco, P.G., 1998. Diversity of Barbinae fishes in southern Europe with description of a new genus and a new species (Cyprinidae). Ital. J. Zool. 65:125-136. (Ref. 31730)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00353 - 0.01419), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100).