Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 4500 m (Ref. 4461), usually 1000 - ? m (Ref. 4461). Deep-water
Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay southward to Angola, including the Gulf of Guinea. Indian Ocean: tropical waters. Western Pacific: including the South China Sea. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Ref. 6682) and Chile (Ref. 9068).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4461)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Quéro, J.-C., T. Matsui, R.H. Rosenblatt and Y.I. Sazonov, 1990. Platytroctidae. p. 265-274. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4461)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.4 - 6.5, mean 3.7 °C (based on 2178 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00156 - 0.01061), b=3.17 (2.95 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).