Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Australoheros: From the Latin word 'australis' meaning southern, and the name Heros, after the nominotypic genus of the heroini tribe.
More on authors: Říčan & Kullander.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
South America: Río Rosario drainage in the Río de La Plata region of Uruguay, and from the lower Río Uruguay tributaries in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116916)
(total): 16 - 18;
soft rays: 6 - 8;
Vertebrae: 26 - 27. Midlateral stripe prominent, vertical bars less intensive; black spots in dorsal, anal, and caudal fin; dark spots on the opercle and anterior flank scales. Distinguished from both C. facetum and C. tembe by having 8-9 anal-fin spines [vs. 6-7 (rarely 5 or 8), 5-7, respectively], 13-14 anal pterygiophores (vs. 12-13, 11-12, respectively), modally 17 dorsal-fin spines (vs. 16), and modally 6 gill rakers on first ceratobranchial (vs. 8, 7-8, respectively). Further distinguished from 'C.' facetum in having 14 caudal vertebrae (vs. 13) and from 'C'. tembe by a shorter caudal peduncle including only one or no vertebral centrum (vs. 3). Jaw teeth lack the second cusp (also in tembe vs. present in facetum (Ref. 51414).
Found in a large stream about 10 meters wide, the water mostly shallow, less than 1 meter deep; bottom of mixed rock, sand, and gravel, providing riffles; slightly brownish and turbid. Radiographed specimens reveal considerable amounts of small shells in the guts and intestines. The stout lower pharyngeal bone consistent with a snail diet (Ref. 51414).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Říčan, O. and S.O. Kullander, 2003. `Cichlasoma' scitulum: a new species of cichlid fish from the Río de La Plata region in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Copeia 2003(4):794-802. (Ref. 51414)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03388 (0.01826 - 0.06288), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).