Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinidae
(Silversides) > Atherinomorinae
Etymology: Atherinomorus: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Müller & Troschel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated. Subtropical
Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Bahamas, and Yucatan, Mexico to Brazil. Southeast Pacific: known only from Tumaco, Colombia (Ref. 9273).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Found over soft bottoms as well as in coral reefs (Ref. 5217). Often in large schools (Ref. 5521). Feeds on zooplankton (Ref. 5217).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lavenberg, R.J. and M. Chernoff, 1995. Atherinidae. Pejerreyes. p. 889-901. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9273)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 28.2, mean 27.5 °C (based on 695 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00403 - 0.01245), b=3.12 (2.96 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 122 [52, 304] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.39 [0.71, 3.05] mg/100g ; Protein = 20 [18, 23] % ; Omega3 = 0.358 [0.130, 1.008] g/100g ; Selenium = 12.6 [4.7, 33.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 120 [26, 516] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.92 [1.10, 3.50] mg/100g (wet weight);