Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 42°N - 35°S, 20°E - 158°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Micronesia and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales. Replaced by Arothron diadematus in the Red Sea (Ref. 37816, Ref. 84159).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Inhabit coastal to outer reef crest and slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Sometimes solitary (Ref. 90102). Adults often in pairs (Ref. 48637). Feed on corals (usually Acropora tips), crustaceans, mollusks, sponges, tunicates and algae (Ref. 2334). Generally common (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 4690)
Aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 3101 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.01119 - 0.05383), b=2.90 (2.72 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 60.1 [23.6, 127.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.651 [0.406, 1.298] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.5, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.125 [0.065, 0.231] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.6 [18.0, 73.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.9 [13.0, 139.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.11 [0.72, 1.70] mg/100g (wet weight);