Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Sternopygidae
Etymology: Archolaemus: Greek, archo = anus + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335); orientalis: From the Latin for ‘of the east’ refers to the presence of the species in the Rio São Francisco, the easternmost known occurrence of a species of Archolaemus ..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: upper Rio São Francisco basin, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 164 - 186. Distinguished from all species of the Archolaemus by the absence of a narrow dark stripe along the lateral line and absence of a broad band of dusky to dark pigmentation overlying the basal pterygiophores of the anal fin (versus the presence of such dark pigmentation). Differs further from other congeners by having the following combination of characters: gape short, the rictus falling short of the vertical through the posterior border of the posterior nares; 16 pectoral-fin rays; 164-186 anal-fin rays; anteroposterior length of premaxilla equal to the transverse width; length of the posterior ceratohyal approximately the same length as the ventral hypohyal; length of the coronomeckelian bone less than 20% the length of Meckel’s cartilage; teeth on the dentary restricted to the anterior one-half or slightly more of the dorsal margin of the dentary (Ref. 93148).
Inhabits portion of a river characterized by large rapids, a major waterfall and rocky and sandy substrates (Ref. 93148).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vari, R.P., C.D. de Santana and W.B. Wosiacki, 2012. South American electric knifefishes of the genus Archolaemus (Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes): undetected diversity in a clade of rheophiles. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 165:670-699. (Ref. 93148)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion