Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes
(Shovelnose rays) > Trygonorrhinidae
(Banjo rays, Fiddler rays)
Etymology: Aptychotrema: Greek, a = without + Greek, ptyx, ptychos = fold + Greek, trema = hole (Ref. 45335); timorensis: Named for its type locality, Timor Sea..
More on author: Last.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 124 m (Ref. 58070). Tropical; 9°S - 10°S, 130°E - 132°E (Ref. 114953)
Western Pacific: Arafura Sea, northern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 58.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58070)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following combination of characters: disc relatively large, broadly wedge-shaped, with a narrowly pointed snout; orbit diameter equal to interorbital width; tail short, about 1.1 times precIoacal length; mouth small, precloacal length about 8 times mouth width; first dorsal-fin short, length 6% TL, ca 2.3 times in interdorsal distance; dorsal-fin apices angular; caudal fin short, dorsal margin 12% TL; pelvic fin large, length about 2.8 times its width; post-synarcual vertebral centra 156; nasal lamellae 27; ventral tip of snout not black-tipped; dorsal surface covered with small, white spots (Ref. 58070).
A benthic species found inshore on mid-continental shelf. Biology little known. Maturity size of only two males known at 48-50 cm TL (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R., 2004. Rhinobatos sainsburyi n. sp. and Aptychotrema timorensis n. sp. -- two new shovelnose rays (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from the eastern Indian Ocean. Rec. Aust. Mus. 56(2):201-208. (Ref. 58070)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00264 - 0.01991), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary low fecundity).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).