Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Apterichtus: From the Greek ??????? (apteron), without fins, and ????? (ichtus, more correctly written ichthys;
masculine), fish.; orientalis: The name orientalis refers to its type locality, the Far East.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 79 - 81 m (Ref. 101270). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: known only from the type locality, off the Kii Peninsula, western Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13362); 31.8 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 0;
Vertebrae: 133. This species is distinguished by the following characters: tail 1.8, head 12-14, and body depth 53-55 in total length; preopercular pores 3 and pores in supratemporal canal 7; conical teeth, uniserial, 9 in ethmoidal region, 1 tooth on vomer; body coloration uniform pale yellow with small brownish dots, lighter ventrally; MVF 54-132, total vertebrae 131-133 (n=2) (Ref. 101270).
Inhabits sandy mud bottoms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Machida, Y. and S. Ohta, 1994. A new snake-eel, Apterichtus orientalis, from the Pacific coast of western Japan (Opichthinae, Ophichthidae). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 41(1):1-5. (Ref. 13362)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00052 - 0.00302), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .