Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Apterichtus: From the Greek ??????? (apteron), without fins, and ????? (ichtus, more correctly written ichthys;
masculine), fish.. More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 400 m (Ref. 4455), usually 30 - 80 m (Ref. 37039). Subtropical; 37°N - 8°N
Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and western Bahamas to Venezuela. Eastern Atlantic: only one specimen from St. Helena Island (Ref. 4455).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - 2.46 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5288)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 137 - 145. This species is distinguished by the following characters: tail 1.8-1.9, head 14-19, and body depth 53-67 in total length; preopercular pores 3 and pores in supratemporal canal 3; conical teeth, uniserial on jaws and vomer; vomerine teeth 5-7; body coloration nearly uniform pale yellow to tan, fresh specimens have a fine sprinkling of melanophores which can take on a mottled or freckled appearance; two brown blotches behind the eye surround a pale patch about equal to eye; and MVF 62-142, total vertebrae 137-145 (n=14) (Ref. 101270).
Burrows in the sand on the continental shelf (Ref. 4455).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.8 - 27.1, mean 23.3 °C (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00052 - 0.00302), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .