Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Apterichtus: From the Greek απτερόν (apteron), without fins, and ίχθύς (ichtus, more correctly written ichthys;
masculine), fish.; hatookai: Named for Mr. Kiyotaka Hatooka, ichthyological curator of OMNH.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 4 - 7 m (Ref. 101270), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Northwest Pacific: Japan and China (SE Fujian).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 53.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101270)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: head 5.1-6.1 % TL, 13.3-16.0 % of preanal length; tail 60.4-62.0 % TL; body depth at gill opening 0.9-1.5 % TL, 2.3-3.8 % of preanal length; the anterior tip of the lower jaw is below the center of the eye; supratemporal pores 7; preopercular pores 4; lateral-line pores before anus 54-58; preanal vertebrae 52-56, total 137-141; MVF 54-139 (Ref. 95408); teeth conical and uniserial on jaws and vomer (with a single vomerine tooth); body coloration is yellowish brown to dark brown with small black punctuations, pale brown blotches on head and breast; with fresh specimens have reddish brown blotches, slightly paler along mid-flanks, brilliant orange blotches on head and breast, some larger than eye (Ref. 101270).
Occurs in sandy bottoms (Ref. 95408).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McCosker, J.E. and Y. Hibino, 2015. A review of the finless snake eels of the genus Apterichtus (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 3941(1):49-78. (Ref. 101270)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00054 - 0.00308), b=2.92 (2.72 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .