Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Apristurus: a-, Latin privative, i.e., without; pristis, from pristes (Gr.), sawyer (but here meaning saw); oura (Gr.), tail, referring to absence of saw-toothed crest of enlarged dermal denticles along upper edge of caudal fin as found in the closely related Pristiurus (=Galeus). (See ETYFish); nakayai: In honor of ichthyologist Kazuhiro Nakaya (b. 1945), Hokkaido University (Japan), who has dedicated his research on Apristurus, describing eight new species and revising the genus in 2009. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 953 - 1022 m (Ref. 93246). Deep-water; 21°S - 22°S, 157°E - 158°E (Ref. 93246)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 67.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93246)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A medium-sized species of Apristurus of the brunneus group with the following combination of characters: shiny white iris on fresh specimen; brownish black colouration; short interspace from P1 free rear tip to P2 origin, subequal to internarial width; midpoint of the total length located well behind cloaca; pectoral fins large, width about 2.7 times P1 tip-P2 origin; long anal-fin base, longer than D1 insertion-D2 insertions; first dorsal fin located well behind pelvic-fin insertion; first dorsal fin markedly smaller than second one; long caudal fin terminal lobe, its length more than twice its height; no denticles in the mouth; very short pyloric stomach; intestinal spiral valves 16; monospondylous vertebrae 36; precaudal diplospondylous vertebrae 37 (Ref. 92346).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iglésias, S.P., 2012. Apristurus nakayai sp. nov., a new species of deepwater catshark (Chondrichthyes: Pentanchidae) from New Caledonia. Cybium 36(4):511-519. (Ref. 93246)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00176 - 0.00714), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100).