Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 40 m (Ref. 118651). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Maldives.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118651)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body with variable sized brownish spots in size (on jaws, snout, interorbital, nape, preopercle, subopercle, and abdomen); a dark wedge-shaped bar below the eye; rows of small brown dots, one per scale, in three rows - the uppermost along lateral line, the middle along lateral midline from behind opercle flap to mid-caudal peduncle, and the third parallel to second, from behind pectoral fin to above middle of anal fin; a large dark blotch on distal membranes of third and fourth dorsal-fin spines; with a small dark-brown spot on body at the base of last two branched dorsal-fin rays; a brownish stripe in second dorsal fin, transparent above and below, anal fin without stripe; pectoral-fin rays 14; median predorsal scales on nape 3; gill rakers1 + 8 ,3 upper and 3 lower rudiments; multicolored iris in life (Ref. 118651).
The two known specimens were collected from under a piece of dead-coral rubble on a gradually sloping sand bottom at 40 m depth (Ref. 118651).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Fraser, T.H., 2018. Redescription of the cardinalfish Apogonichthyoides maculipinnis (Percomorpha: Apogonidae: Apogoninae) from the Maldives, last collected 118 years ago. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 30:100-104. (Ref. 118651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00493 - 0.02329), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .