Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas))
Etymology: Anodontostoma: Greek, ana = up + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical; 24°N - 0°N, 85°E - 119°E (Ref. 188)
Indo-Pacific: Indian Ocean (northern part of Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea at Phuket in Thailand), Gulf of Thailand, South China Sea. Also found in Indonesia (Ref. 7050). In earlier works, Anodontostoma chacunda was often misapplied to Anodontostoma thailandiae.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 17 - 25. Body depth increasing with size. Second supra-maxilla paddle-shaped. Lower gill rakers 46 to 140; longest gill rakers on lower part of arch equal to or longer than corresponding gill filaments. Last dorsal fin ray not filamentous. Hind edges of scales toothed, the teeth wider than gaps between them; a median series pre-dorsal scales. A large dark mark behind gill opening.
Occurs inshore and probably entering estuaries. Its biology is probably similar to A. chacunda.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 27.6 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 370 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00425 - 0.01868), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).