Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchoviella: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335); sanfranciscana: The specific name sanfranciscana is a noun in the genitive case that refers to the place of occurrence of the species, at the São Francisco River.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: upstream and estuary of São Francisco River, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116921)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 16;
Vertebrae: 42. Anchoviella sanfranciscana is diagnosed from its congeners by the following characteristics: wide silver lateral band present, with a well-defined dark brown and yellow lateral band above - its total width is 1.5 to 2 times wider than the ocular diameter, (vs. width is less than 1 time in other congeners); distance from tip of dorsal fin to start of anal fin is similar in size as the dorsal fin (vs. distance is smaller in other congeners, except A. perfasciata); and 29-35 gill rakers in lower branch of the first branchial arch (vs. maximum is 27 in other congeners, except for A. cayennensis) (Ref. 116921).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Barbosa, J.M., A.G. Gomes da Silva, A.R. da Rocha Araújo and M.F. Carvalho, 2017. A new species of Anchoviella Fowler, 1911 (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae) from the mouth of the São Francisco River, Brazil. ActaFish 5(3):162-168. (Ref. 116921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00247 - 0.01222), b=3.19 (3.01 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .