Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchoa: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 96339). Tropical; 31°N - 5°N, 115°W - 77°W (Ref. 189)
Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California at San Felipe, Baja California and along Sonora and Sinaloa coasts, Mexico, south to Panama, possibly reaching further south.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96339)
soft rays: 23 - 32. Snout moderately pointed, about 3/4 eye diameter; maxilla long, tip sharply pointed, reaching to or just beyond gill opening, but shorter and more blunt at 4 to 5 cm standard length; gill cover canals of walkeri-type. Pectoral fins large, tip reaching to beyond pelvic fin base; anal fin origin below dorsal fin origin or a little behind. Silver stripe along flank, as eye in some places.
Presumably schooling and most often found in warm, murky waters near shore and in bays near river mouths (specimens taken some km up the Rio Santiago, Nayarit, Mexico). Capable of tolerating lower salinities than that of the sea (Ref. 9298). The ovarian eggs are elliptical. Caught as a by-catch of encircling, lamparo, and trawl nets (Ref. 9298).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.2 - 28.6, mean 27.2 °C (based on 32 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00233 - 0.01130), b=3.14 (2.97 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .