Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchoa: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 1 - 2 m. Subtropical; 27°N - 21°N
Eastern Pacific: coast of Mexico from the Yaqui River south to about Tuxpan, Nayarit.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 28 - 34. Snout moderate, about 3/4 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip obliquely rounded, almost reaching to pre-operculum; gill cover canals of panamensis-type. Pectoral fins long, reaching to or just beyond pelvic fin base; anal fin very long, its origin under or just before or behind dorsal fin origin. A silver stripe along flank, about 3/4 eye diameter.
Occurs in shallow coastal waters (lagoons or estuaries), but apparently not in the sea. Inhabits somewhat murky brackish to salt water over mud or firm sand with a veneer of mud. One of the top three dominant fishes in the Huizache-Caimanero lagoon system in Mexico.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P. and R. Rodriguez-Sanchez, 1995. Engraulidae. Anchoas, anchovetas. p. 1067-1087. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9298)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00233 - 0.01130), b=3.14 (2.97 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .