Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Uropterygiinae
Etymology: Anarchias: Greek, anarchia, -as = without a chief, lack of authority (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 5951). Tropical; 43°N - 24°S, 97°W - 9°E
Western Atlantic: Bermuda and southern Florida, USA (Ref. 7251) to southern Brazil (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: known only from Annobon Island, but likely to be present on other offshore islands in the Bay of Biafra (Ref. 4450). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4450)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Small, varies from uniformly dark brown to blotched. Irregular pattern of pale marks on lower side of head and chin (Ref. 26938).
Occurs on shallow, poorly developed coral reefs to deep rocky slopes (Ref. 7251).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20 - 27.5, mean 24.8 °C (based on 196 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00069 (0.00033 - 0.00144), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 108 [61, 200] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.663 [0.379, 1.089] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [17.3, 21.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.156 [0.073, 0.412] g/100g ; Selenium = 36 [18, 71] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 99 [27, 316] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.42 [0.99, 2.01] mg/100g (wet weight);