Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Amphiliidae
(Loach catfishes) > Amphiliinae
Etymology: Amphilius: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, leios = fat. More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Africa: Galana River basin in Kenya (Ref. 85045); Sigi River, Pangani River and Lake Jipe basins in Tanzania (Ref. 85045).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85045)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 10. Diagnosis: Amphilius krefftii is distinguished from A. chalei, A. grandis, A. athiensis, and A. uranoscopus by its emarginate caudal fin, vs. forked, and from A. grandis and A. athiensis by the presence of distinct pale patches at the origin and insertion of the dorsal fin; it also differs from A. chalei, A. athiensis, A. grandis, and A. uranoscopus by having a short body with usually 36 vertebrae, vs. elongate body with 37-40 vertebrae; it also differs from A. cryptobullatus, A. athiensis, and A. uranoscopus by the absence of dark marking on the body, vs. body mottled in A. cryptobullatus, finely spotted in A. athiensis and with diffuse black stripe along side in A. uranoscopus; it also differs from A. athiensis by the absence of spots on the fins, vs. fins heavily spotted; it also differs from A. chalei by having a deeper body, body depth at anus 11.1-16.5% of standard length vs. 8.9-10.8%, and a deeper caudal peduncle, caudal peduncle depth 10.2-13.5% of standard length vs. 7.1-9.7%; it also differs from A. cryptobullatus by having normally developed bilateral bony swimbladder capsules, vs. bilateral bony swimbladder capsules extremely large (Ref. 85045).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Thomson, A.W. and L.M. Page, 2010. Taxonomic revision of the Amphilius uranoscopus group (Teleostei: Siluriformes) in Kenya, with the description of a new species from the Athi River. Bull. Flor. Mus. Nat. Hist. 49(2):45-66. (Ref. 85045)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .