Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Amphiliidae
(Loach catfishes) > Amphiliinae
Etymology: Amphilius: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, leios = fat; grandis: The species name grandis was chosen, because it was the largest Amphilius species at the time of its description (Ref. 83893) More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Africa: Tana and Ewaso Ngiro River basins in Kenya (Ref. 85045).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85045)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 37 - 40. Diagnosis: Amphilius grandis is distinguished from A. chalei, A. cryptobullatus, A. krefftii, and A. uranoscopus by the absence of distinct pale patches at the origin and insertion of the dorsal fin; it differs from A. athiensis by the absence of small dark spots on head, body, and fins, vs. head, body, and fins finely spotted, and by having shorter inner mandibular barbels, 20.2-33.6% of head length vs. 33.3-42.0%; it also differs from A. cryptobullatus and A. krefftii by its forked caudal fin vs. emarginate, and from A. krefftii by its more elongate body with 37-40 total vertebrae, vs. usually 36 total vertebrae; it also differs from A. uranoscopus by its body colouration, uniformly brown or brown with large dark spots or blotches, vs. body grey with diffuse black stripe along side; it also differs from A. chalei by having a deeper body, body depth at anus 11.0-14.4% of standard length vs. 8.9-10.8%, and a shorter caudal peduncle, caudal peduncle length 14.6-19.0% of standard length vs. 19.0-21.9%, and it also differs from A. cryptobullatus by having normally developed bilateral bony swimbladder capsules, vs. bilateral bony swimbladder capsules extremely large (Ref. 85045).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Thomson, A.W. and L.M. Page, 2010. Taxonomic revision of the Amphilius uranoscopus group (Teleostei: Siluriformes) in Kenya, with the description of a new species from the Athi River. Bull. Flor. Mus. Nat. Hist. 49(2):45-66. (Ref. 85045)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .