Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Cottoidei
(Sculpins) > Psychrolutidae
Etymology: Ambophthalmos: The name is derived from the Greek adjective 'ambon' (m.) meaning ridge and noun 'ophthalmos' (m.) meaning eye; describing the protruding orbital ridges characteristic of its species..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 549 - 629 m (Ref. 58018), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755); Chatham Rise (east of
South Island at 44°S), Bounty Platform (48°S, 180°E), Campbell Rise (52°S, 170°E), and Auckland Island Shelf (50°S, 167°E); and presumed records from Pukaki Rise (49°S, 173°E) and Antipodes Islands (approx. 50°S, 179°E) (Ref. 76761).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38032)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan, 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p. (Ref. 5755)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.2 - 9.2, mean 7.4 °C (based on 25 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 58.8 [29.5, 130.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.268 [0.166, 0.505] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.5 [14.2, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.63 [0.29, 1.70] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.8 [9.2, 45.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.6 [8.4, 65.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.657 [0.441, 1.004] mg/100g (wet weight);