Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Alepes: Greek, alepis, -idos = without scales (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical; 31°N - 26°S, 54°E - 154°E
Indo-West Pacific: Reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), coastal waters from Pakistan to Sri Lanka; east coast of India, Taiwan Island, Okinawa in Japan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Australia. Records from South Africa, as Caranx kalla, are based on misidentifications of Alepes djedaba.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122100); common length : 14.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287)
Adults are found inshore and in coastal waters throughout its range. Feed mainly on planktonic crustaceans and larval fishes. Marketed fresh and dried salted.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.5 - 28.8, mean 27.9 °C (based on 606 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00696 - 0.01650), b=3.00 (2.88 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (k >0.30).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 97.2 [53.3, 182.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.12 [0.70, 1.94] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.187 [0.120, 0.309] g/100g ; Selenium = 34 [18, 61] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 94.2 [35.2, 243.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.27 [0.85, 1.86] mg/100g (wet weight);