Aetobatus laticeps, Pacific eagle ray

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Aetobatus laticeps Gill 1865

Pacific eagle ray
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Aetobatus laticeps
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Aetobatidae (Pacific eagle rays)
Etymology: Aetobatus: Greek, aetos = eagle + Greek, batis, batidos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: from the Gulf of California to Ecuador, including Galapagos Is.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 230 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 114953)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This large eagle ray is distinguished by the following characters: bluish black dorsal body with numerous white spots or ocelli, ventral surface mostly white; a moderately long fleshy rostral lobe; disc short and very broad; pectoral fins weakly falcate, joining head at level of eye and is separate from rostral lobe, the posterior margins moderately concave and free rear rips broadly rounded; rostral lobe moderately long and parabolic; large spiracles are dorsolateral, visible on dorsal view; mouth ventrally located, width narrower than preoral length; large nasal curtain, deeply notched centrally and with a curtain-like fringe; each jaw with plate-like teeth in a single row, with upper teeth transverse, lower teeth chevron-shaped; smooth disc without denticles or thorns; elongated tail, whip-like; small dorsal fin raked back, its apex broadly rounded, with free rear tip short; presence of 1 or more stings (Ref. 114953).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This inshore species in coastal bays and estuaries, to offshore occurs solitary or in large schools. It feeds mainly on bivalves, also shrimps, polychaetes and other fishes. Size usually less than 130 cm, size unknown at birth and when it matures (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

White, W.T. and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. Resurrection of the family Aetobatidae (Myliobatiformes) for the pelagic eagle rays, genus Aetobatus. Zootaxa 4139 (3):435-438. (Ref. 109645)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
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Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .