Teleostei (teleosts) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Oreosomatidae
(Oreos) > Oreosomatinae
Etymology: Allocyttus: Greek, allos = other + Greek, kyttaros, kytos = a convex cavity.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1800 m (Ref. 50610), usually 800 - 1200 m (Ref. 6545). Deep-water; 28°N - 58°S
Eastern Atlantic: off Mauritania, Gulf of Guinea, Namibia and South Africa. Western Atlantic: off Suriname, southern Brazil and Uruguay. Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique Channel, Walters Bank. Eastern Indian Ocean: East Indian and West Australian Ridge, Australia. South Pacific: New Zealand and off Chile. Records from the North Pacific belong to Allocyttus folletti. Also Ref. 26139).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 28.0, range 23 - ? cm
Max length : 42.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27159); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 27124); max. reported age: 140 years (Ref. 39383)
Occurs on the continental slope (Ref. 9563), forming large shoals over rough ground near pinnacles and canyons (Ref. 6390). Juveniles are pelagic and inhabit oceanic waters in depths of less than 1000 m (Ref. 27230). They tend to be dispersed over smooth grounds (Ref. 6390). Feeds on shrimps, cephalopods, and fishes (Ref. 6548). The eggs float near the sea surface and the larvae also inhabit surface waters (Ref. 6390). Trawl catch rates for warty oreos, and for oreos in general, show no evidence of vertical migration during day or night (Ref. 27150), even though many of the planktonic species consumed by this species undergo daily migrations within the water column (Ref. 6390).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Displays seasonally synchronised reproduction.
Karrer, C., 1990. Oreosomatidae. p. 637-640. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6545)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.4 - 6.9, mean 4.9 °C (based on 252 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5635 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00803 - 0.02372), b=3.05 (2.89 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 36.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=140).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 8.71 [2.32, 45.18] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.301 [0.083, 1.049] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.0, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.176 [0.050, 0.601] g/100g ; Selenium = 10.8 [2.2, 49.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.9 [3.9, 565.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.473 [0.182, 1.247] mg/100g (wet weight);