Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Schizothoracinae
Etymology: Schizothorax: Greek, schizein = to divide * Greek, thorax = breast (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gray.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Himalayan region of India, Sikkim and Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832)
Adults inhabit mountain streams and rivers (Ref. 41236), preferring to live among rocks (Ref. 4832). Are herbivores feeding mainly on algae, aquatic plants and detritus (Ref. 6351). Mature individuals breed during April and May (Ref. 4832). The flesh of this species is much relished (Ref. 4832).
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00777 - 0.02136), b=2.95 (2.82 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; Fec=30,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 595 [315, 1,198] mg/100g ; Iron = 5.88 [0.98, 22.91] mg/100g ; Protein = 17 [16, 18] % ; Omega3 = 0.304 [0.164, 0.580] g/100g ; Selenium = 428 [145, 1,170] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.9 [6.1, 33.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.53 [2.22, 5.92] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.