Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 9311). Tropical; 32°N -
Eastern Pacific: Bahía Magdalena, Mexico south to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5592); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Common in shallow waters, especially where brown algae exists (Ref. 9311). Diet consists of crustaceans, sea urchins, mollusks, and brittle stars. It loses its blue-green coloration, turns dull brown in captivity.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Thomson, D.A., 1987. Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p. (Ref. 5592)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 22.4 - 29.1, mean 26.8 °C (based on 245 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00451 - 0.02020), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 64.9 [38.4, 108.0] mg/100g; Iron = 0.625 [0.358, 1.166] mg/100g; Protein = 18.6 [15.8, 20.9] %; Omega3 = 0.128 [0.081, 0.199] g/100g; Selenium = 20.2 [12.2, 37.0] μg/100g; VitaminA = 126 [38, 457] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.53 [1.07, 2.41] mg/100g (wet weight);