Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Ostraciidae
Etymology: Rhynchostracion: Greek, rhingchos = snout + Greek, ostrakon = a little shell (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 80 m (Ref. 1602). Tropical; 19°N - 20°S
Western Pacific: Sri Lanka (Ref. 1550) and Sumatra to Fiji, north to the Philippines; Palau and Truk in Micronesia. Matsuura 1999, pers. comm. strongly doubts its distribution in the southern GBR (as reported in Lieske & Meyers 1994, Ref. 9710) and does not know of any reliable record of this species from East Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
Found around rocky and sandy substrates (Ref. 1602). Solitary, also found in sheltered bays exposed to heavy silt and mud bottoms of coastal trawling grounds (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Matsuura, K., 2001. Ostraciidae. Boxfishes. p. 3948-3951. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9806)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.7 - 29, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03631 (0.01740 - 0.07577), b=2.81 (2.62 - 3.00), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 55.7 [21.6, 115.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.643 [0.405, 1.256] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.2, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.118 [0.059, 0.217] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.1 [17.2, 67.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.6 [13.9, 146.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.21 [0.79, 1.86] mg/100g (wet weight);