Teleostei (teleosts) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails)
Etymology: Coryphaenoides: Greek, koryphaina = dolphin fish + Suffix oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Vaillant.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; non-migratory; depth range 831 - 2830 m (Ref. 1371). Deep-water; 62°N - 19°N, 74°W - 17°E
Atlantic Ocean: Faroe-Shetland Channel to the Canary Islands, Iceland, Denmark Strait, Nunavut (Ref. 58426) and the western Mediterranean (Ref. 3587, 6187).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 0. The head is relatively compressed; the eyes are large. The mouth is small and inferior. The scales have about 10 rows of large and broad spinules. The body is generally brownish, with the mouth and gill cavity darker.
Epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates (annelids, isopods and mysids) (Ref. 6187).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.6 - 7.8, mean 4.4 °C (based on 265 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00214 (0.00107 - 0.00428), b=3.18 (3.01 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.42 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 20.8 [11.5, 51.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.379 [0.185, 0.796] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.3 [14.5, 18.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.234 [0.104, 0.502] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [10.2, 71.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11 [2, 54] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.468 [0.291, 0.781] mg/100g (wet weight);