Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Fowleria: Taken from Fowler, ichthyiologist, 1945 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 37 m (Ref. 26165). Tropical; 30°N - 35°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Natal, South Africa and eastward to Samoa and Mangaréva, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4329)
Occurs inshore in reef areas (Ref. 7300). Commonly found among weeds in tide pools (Ref. 4329). Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O., 1986. Apogonidae. p. 546-561. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4329)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 884 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00865 - 0.02772), b=3.01 (2.86 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 146 [83, 266] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.91 [0.58, 1.64] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.163 [0.095, 0.279] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.6 [12.3, 49.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 72.3 [22.8, 235.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.56 [1.02, 2.37] mg/100g (wet weight);