Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 20 m (Ref. 52753). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Oman, Mozambique, Seychelles, and Mauritius (Ref. 35918). Also reported from Madagascar (Ref. 3488) and Reunion (Ref. 53568). Presence in Somalia to be confirmed (Ref. 30573).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 3488)
Inhabits steep seaward reef slopes to at least 20 m depth (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic algae. Also caught with nets, and other kinds of artisanal gear. Sold mostly fresh in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.7 - 29.2, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00671 - 0.03113), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 30.9 [20.1, 51.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.678 [0.467, 1.029] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.6, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.0795 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.9 [11.7, 30.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.8 [12.8, 138.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2 [2, 3] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.