Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 6 - 50 m (Ref. 7247). Tropical; 28°N - 17°N
Eastern Central Pacific: confined to the Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7247)
soft rays: 13 - 14. Body short, almost round. Color is brown with a black spot on the pectoral fin base. The caudal fin, caudal peduncle and the adjacent portion of the dorsal and anal fins white.
Adults inhabit inshore and offshore coral reefs. They are found in aggregations above corals (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.9 - 25.6, mean 25.3 °C (based on 35 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00936 - 0.04665), b=2.98 (2.80 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 161 [75, 275] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.01 [0.57, 1.75] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [17, 19] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.074, 0.249] g/100g ; Selenium = 24 [11, 51] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 176 [49, 626] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.83 [1.17, 2.72] mg/100g (wet weight);