Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 58302), usually 5 - 25 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 15°N
Eastern Central Pacific: Johnston (Ref. 11013) and Hawaiian islands.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - 12 cm
Max length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3921)
Occur in clear lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic over coral, rock and rubble (Ref. 58302). Feed mainly on benthic animals. Juveniles and adults sometimes act as cleaners (Ref. 9710). Spawning occur either in aggregations by fish in the initial color phase or in pairs, typically with the terminal male being much larger than the female.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner. Sex reversal is completed in 8-12 weeks (Ref. 34185, 34261). Also Ref. 38856, 38703. Primary males participate in group spawning and have large testes; secondary males engage in pair-spawning and have smaller, reduced testes (Ref. 48503).
Randall, J.E., 1985. Guide to Hawaiian reef fishes. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA. 74 p. (Ref. 3921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 26.3, mean 25.1 °C (based on 60 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00471 - 0.01537), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 72.1 [44.2, 146.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.799 [0.498, 1.283] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.1, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.145 [0.094, 0.216] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.2 [23.2, 63.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 51.3 [17.6, 161.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.54 [1.09, 2.73] mg/100g (wet weight);