Teleostei (teleosts) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Microchirus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, cheir = hand (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Risso.
This species is unidentifiable according to Desoutter et al. (2001: Ref. 41261). Please send references, or more studies are needed. This species is uncertain in Microchirus in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jul. 2010: Ref. 84883).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 40 - 380 m (Ref. 5304). Subtropical; 52°N - 12°N, 18°W - 4°W
Eastern Central Atlantic: Mauritania and Canary Islands (Santa Cruz and Tenerife); extending into the northeast Atlantic from Portugal and southwest of Great Britain.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 23.0, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5304)
Occurs on sand or muddy sand bottoms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Desoutter, M., 1990. Soleidae. p. 1037-1049. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5304)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.1 - 17.5, mean 15.4 °C (based on 35 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00530 - 0.01498), b=3.00 (2.86 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.15-0.29; tm=3-5).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100).