Nomen dubium in Muraenidae according to Böhlke & Smith 2002:155.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 5323). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique to the Cape of Good Hope; also Maldives. Western Pacific: Australia, Lord Howe Island, and New Zealand. Possibly occurring in Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5323)
Vertebrae: 140 - 142. Brownish grey dorsally, creamy white ventrally. Wide dusky margin on median fins.
Inhabits coastal waters and estuaries. Demersal on rocky reefs (Ref. 9563). Flesh highly esteemed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Castle, P.H.J., 1986. Congridae. p. 161-165. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5323)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 5323)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15.5 - 26.6, mean 22.5 °C (based on 765 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 23.7 [12.7, 41.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.413 [0.244, 0.779] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [16, 22] % ; Omega3 = 0.0947 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.6 [24.9, 87.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 38.2 [10.8, 124.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.03 [0.73, 1.45] mg/100g (wet weight);