Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Laeops: Greek, laios = left + Greek,ops = appearacne (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 180 - 380 m (Ref. 126083). Deep-water
Western Indian Ocean: Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4417)
soft rays: 83 - 96;
Vertebrae: 51 - 53. This species is distinguished by the following characters: head length 5.0-6.9, body
depth 2.6-3.1 in SL; upper profile no notch anterodorsal to upper margin of upper eye; snout
rounded; upper jaw shorter than lower eye diameter; teeth on lower jaw of the blind side in 1-2 rows; pectoral-fin length of ocular side 3.1-4.7 in SL, nearly twice as long as HL; dorsal fin beginning behind posterior nostril of blind side, the first two rays detached from other rays of the fin, and dorsal-fin pterigiophores shorter than neural spines of first four caudal vertebrae; D 105-115, A 83-96, pectoral-fin rays on ocular side 12, blind–side 11, lateral line scales about 94, gill rakers 5 + 11, vertebrae 11 + 40-42 (Ref. 126083).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Voronina, E.P., J. Maclaine, S. Raredon and P. Pruvost, 2020. Revised diagnoses, nomenclature, distribution and key for identification of the species of the Indo-Pacific genus Laeops (Bothidae). J. Ichthyol. 60(6),801-827. (Ref. 126083)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.5 - 18.4, mean 15.2 °C (based on 17 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00401 - 0.01981), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).