Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Laeops: Greek, laios = left + Greek,ops = appearacne (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 100 - 475 m (Ref. 126083). Temperate; - 29°S
Indo-Pacific, South Africa (Natal), Japan, Saya de Malha Bank, New Caledonia and Solomon Islands
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9824)
soft rays: 77 - 85;
Vertebrae: 47 - 50. This species is distinguished by the following characters: head length 4.5-5.9, body depth 2.6-3.2 in SL; upper profile steep with distinct concavity anterodorsal to eyes; snout tip pointed;
pectoral-fin lenght of ocular side 6.9-12.4 in SL and shorter than head; upper jaw as long as lower eye diameter; teeth on lower jaw of the blind side in 1 or 2 rows; dorsal fin beginning above anterior nostril of blind side, before vertical through middle of upper eye, the first two rays not detached from other rays of the fin and the first to third rays a little prolonged, but not longer than longest dorsal-fin ray and with dorsal-fin pterigiophores shorter than neural spines of first four caudal vertebrae; D 94-105, A 77-85, pectoral-fin rays on ocular side 13-15, blind-side 13-14, lateral line scales 131-139, gill rakers 0-5 + 5-7, vertebrae 11-12 + 36-38 (Ref. 126083).
Feeds on benthic animals (Ref. 9824).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Voronina, E.P., J. Maclaine, S. Raredon and P. Pruvost, 2020. Revised diagnoses, nomenclature, distribution and key for identification of the species of the Indo-Pacific genus Laeops (Bothidae). J. Ichthyol. 60(6),801-827. (Ref. 126083)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.9 - 21, mean 18.8 °C (based on 40 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00401 - 0.01981), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100).