Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; catadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range ? - 3000 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 2°N - 27°S
Pacific Ocean: western New Guinea and Queensland, Australia to the Society Islands. A single specimen was recorded from a tributary of the Buffalo River, near King William's Town in South Africa (Ref. 3506), but this is questionable.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 110 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259)
Vertebrae: 102 - 108. Belongs to the group of anguillas which have a short dorsal fin which originates slightly before the anus (Ref. 48622). Most closely resembles Anguilla australis and A. bicolor, from which it can be distinguished with certainty only by the number of vertebrae. Also Ref. 2847.
Inhabits freshwater streams, lakes and swamps, favouring coastal lagoons and the lower reaches of rivers. Spawning adults occur in marine waters. Sub-adults spend most of their lives in fresh or brackish waters (Ref. 44894). Found in large turbid rivers and small creeks (Ref. 2847). Occurs both in running and stagnant waters (Ref. 12790). Feeds mainly on fishes, crustaceans and mollusks.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.6 - 10.2, mean 4.8 °C (based on 263 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00050 (0.00030 - 0.00083), b=3.15 (3.01 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100).