Teleostei (teleosts) > Notacanthiformes
(Halosaurs and deep-sea spiny eels) > Halosauridae
Etymology: Aldrovandia: Taken from Ulisse Aldrovandi, (1522-1605), a Renaissance naturalist and physician noted by his systematic and accurate observations of plants and animals (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 730 - 2560 m (Ref. 3974). Deep-water
Circumglobal, tropical to temperate. Atlantic and Indo-Pacific, except Mediterranean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41039)
(total): 10-12. Body white to grey-brown in color, underside darker (Ref. 3974). Insertion of the pelvic fin only slightly anterior to the origin of the dorsal fin. Lacks scale on the opercle (Ref. 37108).
Occurs on the middle and lower slope primarily above the 4°C isotherm. Hovers within a few meters of substrate, parallel to it or inclined at varying angles (Ref. 6727). Feeds on polychaetes, pelecypods, amphipods and other benthic prey (Ref. 6727).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sulak, K.J., 1990. Halosauridae. p. 126-132. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4448)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.5 - 6.6, mean 4 °C (based on 1890 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 10.7 [2.9, 38.3] mg/100g; Iron = 0.337 [0.111, 0.857] mg/100g; Protein = 1.6 [0.0, 5.5] %; Omega3 = 0.308 [0.115, 0.819] g/100g; Selenium = 20.5 [6.1, 75.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 11.8 [2.3, 59.1] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.407 [0.209, 0.831] mg/100g (wet weight);