Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Phyllophichthus: Greek, phyhllon = leaf + Greek, ophis =serpent + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 30 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 28°N - 18°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Hawaii and the Society Islands; north to Ryukyu Islands; south to Australia; East Indies, from Christmas Island and Indonesia (Flores and Molucca Is.).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 42.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A benthic (Ref. 58302) and burrowing species which occurs in inshore waters (Ref. 7300, 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.4 - 28.8, mean 27.9 °C (based on 194 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00045 - 0.00234), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 72.1 [42.2, 123.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.625 [0.403, 0.984] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.4, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.133 [0.062, 0.341] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.5 [25.5, 85.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 44.6 [12.6, 142.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.22 [0.87, 1.69] mg/100g (wet weight);