Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 48635). Tropical; 30°N - 20°S
Indo-Pacific: East African coast, the Aldabra Islands, Cocos-Keeling, the Ryukyu Islands, throughout the Philippines and Moluccas to New Guinea and eastward to Tahiti.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
soft rays: 7. Coloration ranges from an ashy grey or light yellow to dark brown or even pitch black. On dark individuals, the median fins have pale edges. Bony part of illicium shorter than 2nd dorsal spine; esca oblong or tapering, usually directed ventrally.
Found in intertidal reef flats (Ref. 1602). Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773).
Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker, 1987. Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26.3 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2249 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 71.7 [32.9, 133.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.668 [0.329, 1.315] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.3, 21.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.106 [0.037, 0.270] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.2 [6.7, 42.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 249 [56, 1,022] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.21 [0.72, 2.01] mg/100g (wet weight);