Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Oxynotidae
Etymology: Oxynotus: oxys (Gr.), sharp; notos (Gr.), back, referring to its keeled back (“dorso carenato”). (See ETYFish); paradoxus: Latin for strange or contrary to expectation; Frade was not sure if this shark, with its first dorsal spine directed backward instead of forward, represented a new species or an aberrant form of O. centrina. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 265 - 1044 m (Ref. 128029). Deep-water; 41°N - 11°N, 13°W - 3°W (Ref. 54694)
Eastern Atlantic: Atlantic slope from Scotland to Senegal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388); common length : 85.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Found on the continental slope (Ref. 247; shallow depth from Ref. 35388. Probably feeds on small bottom invertebrates and fishes. Ovoviviparous.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00160 - 0.00860), b=3.15 (2.94 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 6.48 [1.20, 33.69] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.264 [0.061, 0.871] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.267 [0.088, 0.854] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.4 [4.5, 48.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.94 [1.81, 45.35] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.358 [0.175, 0.690] mg/100g (wet weight);