Teleostei (teleosts) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Melamphaes: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, amphi = both side (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 300 - 2516 m (Ref. 4241). Deep-water; 60°N - 47°S
Antitropical. South Atlantic: between 27°S and 46°S (off southwest tip of Africa); southern Indian Ocean, western south Pacific off New Zealand, eastern south Pacific (Ref. 51657). The holotype was caught in the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean east of the Kara Dag Seamount. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). North Atlantic (between 30°N and 60°N) specimens are probable variants of M. falsidicus (Ref. 87970).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87971)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Rare species. May be a species complex (J.A. Moore, pers. Comm.). Trawled below 300 m off South Africa and New Zealand (Ref. 4241). Maximum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O., 1990. Melamphaidae. p. 218-221. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.3 - 5.9, mean 4.4 °C (based on 57 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00451 - 0.02668), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).