Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 70 - 550 m. Polar; 60°S - 78°S
Southern Ocean: South Orkney and South Shetland Islands, tip of Antarctic Peninsula north of 65°S and the Antarctic continental shelf.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 10.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5192)
Adults spawn apparently during autumn and early winter. Hatching probably occurs in spring and size at hatching at about 12 mm TL. Main food items are polychaetes and benthic crustacean (Ref. 5192). Larval pelagic phase is short (Ref. 41551).
Gon, O., 1990. Bathydraconidae. p. 364-380. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. 462 p. (Ref. 5192)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.8 - 0.9, mean -1 °C (based on 273 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .