Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
(Icefishes) > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Lepidonotothen: Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, noton = back + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or remova (Ref. 45335); squamifrons: squamifrons from Latin squama scale, plus frons, frontis forehead for its full upper head cover of small scales (Ref. 11892).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 10 - 900 m (Ref. 11892), usually 195 - 312 m (Ref. 11892). Temperate; 45°S - 79°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 5179)
Southern Ocean: South Georgia Island and Bouvet Island. Also known from sub-Antarctic islands and Antarctic Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 27.3, range 19 - 36 cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5179); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2121); max. reported age: 19 years (Ref. 5789)
Feeds chiefly on macrozooplankton (mainly crustaceans, cnidarians and salps) and midwater fishes.
Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990. Nototheniidae. p. 279-331. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5179)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial