Teleostei (teleosts) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Labrisomidae
Etymology: Malacoctenus: Greek, malakos = soft + Greek, kteis, ktenos = comb (Ref. 45335); zaluari: Named for Ricardo Zaluar Passos Guimarães, an ichthyologist friend who contributed to studies and descriptions of several reef fishes from the Brazilian coast..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 123106). Tropical
Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123106)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 21. This species is distinguished from its southwestern Atlantic congeners by the following set of characters: D XX,11-12 (rarely XXI,10); A II,19-21; pectoral rays 14; length of third pelvic ray contained 2.5 to 3.0 times in second pelvic-fin ray; lateral-line scales 51-53; total nuchal cirri 12-16; presence of pre-dorsal scales and pre-pectoral scales, when present are considerably smaller than scales on body; breast usually fully scaled on males, often naked on females; one pore, rarely absent, extend from preopercular canal onto opercle. Colouration: body with 5-6 saddle-like bars that do not extend on dorsal fin; two thin white bands on upper lip usually extending to snout (Ref. 123106).
Occurs in shallow reefs and tide pools, usually in clear waters where it feeds on small benthic invertebrates (Ref. 123106).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Carvalho-Filho, A., I. Sazima, S.M.Q. Lima, D. Almeida, L. Mendes, R.M. Dias, M.R. Britto and J.L. Gasparini, 2020. Review of the genus Malacoctenus (Actinopterygii: Labrisomidae) from the Southwestern Atlantic, with description of two new species. Zootaxa 4819(3):499-520. (Ref. 123106)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00394 - 0.02111), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).