Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Profundulidae
(Middle American killifishes)
Etymology: Profundulus: Latin, profundus = deep (Ref. 45335); parentiae: Named for Dr. Lynne Parenti, who has made many important contributions to our knowledge of the systematics, biogeography, biology, and morphology of cyprinodontiforms as well as numerous other groups of fishes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 119416). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119416); 6.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 14. This species is distinguished from its congeners P. balsanus, P. oaxacae, P. mixtlanensis by having long epiotic processes that extend beyond the epipleural ribs of the first vertebra (vs. short epiotic process not reaching the epipleural ribs of the first vertebra); differs from P. guatemalensis, P. kreiseri by having rows of dark dots along the sides of the body (vs. absence of rows of dark dots in P. guatemalensis, P. kreiseri; differs from P. punctatus by having a dorsoventrally compressed Meckel’s cartilage with a relatively straight ventral edge and a narrow and strongly concave sesamoid articular (vs. dorso-ventrally expanded Meckel’s cartilage with convex ventral edge and a wide and moderately concave sesamoid articular in P. punctatus; differs from P. oaxacae by the number of scales in the lateral series, 33 (vs. 29-31 in P. oaxacae) (Ref. 119416).
The type locality during sampling has the following environmental conditions: water temperature 27°C, pH 6.7, conductivity 10.9 mS, dissolved oxygen 12.3 mg/L, river width 20 m, and capture depth 0.5 m. The current was slow, and there was no canopy cover. Also collected with this species were Poeciliopsis pleurospilus, Poecilia sphenops, Sicydium salvini. The species was captured in a range of altitudes from 188 to 420 meters (Ref. 119416).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Matamoros, W.A., S.E. Domínguez-Cisneros, E. Velázquez-Velázquez and C.D. McMahan, 2018. Description of a new species of killifish of the genus Profundulus (Atherinomorpha: Profundulidae) from the Mexican state of Oaxaca. Copeia 106(2):239-246. (Ref. 119416)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00545 - 0.03342), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .