Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Caristiidae
Etymology: Caristius: Name presumably named after Carystus, a demi-god of Greek mythology.; litvinovi: Named for the Russian ichthyologist Fedor Fedorovich Litvinov (1954-2011).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 780 - 850 m (Ref. 95096), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95096)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 22. This species is distinguished by the following characters: anterior profile of head strongly sloped at an angle of approximately 65° in midline of body; dorsal fin origin beyond vertical through posterior margin of orbit; distance from origin of upper jaw to origin of dorsal fin (along forehead slope contour) is greater than head length; eye diameter greater than caudal peduncle depth; gill rakers are flattened and comparatively long (1.3 times in length of gill filaments), the distance between them smaller than 1/2 of their length; upper part of gill raker with up to 5 denticles, 20 gill rakers on first branchial arch; head length exceeds ventroanal distance; D 34; A 22; vomer with 9 teeth; both jaws with one row of teeth; lateral line without strongly enlarged and modified scales (Ref. 95096).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kukuev, E.I., N.V. Parin and I.A. Trunov, 2013. Materials for the revision of the family Caristiidae (Perciformes): 3. Manefishes (genus Caristius) from moderate warm waters of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans with a description of three new species from the southeast Atlantic (C. barsukovi sp. n., C. litvinovi sp. n., C. walvisensis sp. n.). J. Ichthyol. 53(8):541-561. (Ref. 95096)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .